The following is from Erik Balster, Health Commissioner, Preble County Health Department:
Good evening everyone,
I wanted to make sure everyone had a copy of the Director's Order to Stay at Home. The order for Ohio is 12 pages long, but the document itself is 23 pages, which includes an overview from the Department of Homeland Security on the topic of what/who is considered essential critical infrastructure workers during this pandemic. While I've read through it once completely, there is a lot to digest so I would recommend keyword searching (control+f) the document and looking for your particular area of interest.
The order itself is effective at 11 :59 p.m. on March 23, 2020 and shall remain in full force and effect until 11 :59 p.m. on April 6, 2020. Who it covers is outlined in the order, but in general the exemptions are for those engaged in Essential Activities, Essential Governmental Functions, or to operate Essential Businesses and Operations.
Why two weeks (14 days)? I'll do my best to explain this in just a few sentences.
Since its estimated that the virus SARS-CoV2 takes up to 14 days (average of 5 days) to incubate, the idea is that if people stay either healthy or away from others while sick through the estimated amount of time, it will slow down the spread significantly. Slowing down the spread takes pressure off of hospitals and medical providers who are treating those with the most severe cases and allows them to handle a more plateaued case volume beyond the 14 day window. This article on history.com pretty much explains the precedent [https://www.history.com/news/spanish-flu-pandemic-response-cities]. It's short and illustrates the point nicely.
It's hard to say when we will be able to go back to our "normal" lives, but I will say these next 14 days will be the deciding factor in that calculation.
As always, please reach out if you need assistance wading through all of this.
Click here for full order.
Erik Balster, MPH, REHS, RS
Preble County Public Health
615 Hillcrest Drive
Eaton, Ohio 45320